Asylum

   As a signatory to the Geneva Convention of 28 July 1951, Austria agreed to give refugees the same treatment as other foreigners resident in the country. In some respects, they could enjoy the privileges of Austrian citizens. They had legal standing before Austrian courts and rights to mandatory public education and Austrian travel documents. A general law of citizenship passed in 1965 privileged refugee requests for this status over those coming from other foreigners applying for naturalization. Unlike in Germany and Italy, however, the Austrian constitution did not guarantee the right of asylum in and of itself.
   Austria played a key role in the movements of two significant refugee groups. Large numbers of Hungarians crossed their western border following the failed uprising there against Soviet Communism in 1956. Temporary housing for many of them was primitive, to say the least. Nevertheless, the Austrian government, and private refugee organizations that gave significant assistance, successfully relocated these people throughout Europe, the Americas, and Australia. Many Hungarians stayed in Austria itself and found rewarding careers in a broad range of occupations.
   A second wave of refugees that made Austria a target were Jews, who left the Soviet Union in large numbers during the 1970s and early 1980s. Housed at first in the castle of Scan, and then at a camp in Wöllersdorf in Lower Austria, they were generally in transit to Israel and, to a lesser extent, the United States. A number settled in Vienna, however, especially in the second district, the Leopoldstadt, the traditional Jewish quarter of the modern city. The unrest in east central, southeastern, and eastern Europe that accompanied the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1989 brought unusually large and disorganized numbers of political and economic refugees to Austria. Under great popular pressure, especially from the Freedom Party of Austria led by Jörg Haider, the parliament passed a law regulating the conditions under which asylum was granted on 1 June 1992. Anyone seeking political asylum had to apply for the privilege one week after crossing the Austrian border. Those who came to Austria from a so-called safe country, that is, a politically free one, were to be returned to that country. Failed applicants for asylum were to be deported immediately without appeal.
   See also Law of Residence.

Historical dictionary of Austria. . 2014.

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  • Asylum — may refer:* Psychiatric hospital, once known as an insane asylum or mental asylum, is a hospital specializing in the treatment of persons with mental illness * Destitute Asylum, an institution built in the 1850s in Adelaide, Australia for… …   Wikipedia

  • Asylum — (в переводе с англ.  «убежище», латинского происхождения)  многозначный термин. В музыке Asylum (альбом Disturbed), 2010. Asylum (сингл Disturbed), 2010. Asylum (альбом Kiss), 1985. Asylum (альбом Legendary Pink Dots) (англ.)русск …   Википедия

  • asylum — asy·lum /ə sī ləm/ n: protection from arrest and extradition given esp. to political refugees by a nation or by an embassy or other agency that has diplomatic immunity Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. asylum …   Law dictionary

  • ASYLUM — templum a Romulo aedificatum. Graece Α῎συλον, habet affinitatem cum Ebraeo Gap desc: Hebrew quod est nemus. Et silvas interdum fuisse Asylum, vel fidem fecerit hoc Maronis Virg. Aen. l. 8. v. 342. Hinc lucum ingentem, quem Romulus acer Asylum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Asylum — A*sy lum, n.; pl. E. {Asylums}, L. {Asyla}. [L. asylum, Gr. ?, fr. ? exempt from spoliation, inviolable; a priv. + ? right of seizure.] 1. A sanctuary or place of refuge and protection, where criminals and debtors found shelter, and from which… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Asylum — ist der Titel: eines britischen Horrorfilms von 1972, siehe Asylum (1972) eines US amerikanischen Dokumentarfilms von 2003, siehe Asylum (Kurzfilm) eines Computerspiels von 1981, siehe Asylum (Computerspiel) eines Films von David Mackenzie von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Asylum — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Asylum (1985) album de Kiss Publicación 16 de septiembre de 1985 Grabación Junio Julio de 1985 …   Wikipedia Español

  • asylum — 1. The word is no longer used, except with historical reference, of a psychiatric hospital, which is now typically called clinic, psychiatric unit, or simply hospital or by its name. The principal use of asylum now is to denote the status (in… …   Modern English usage

  • asylum — early 15c., earlier asile (late 14c.), from L. asylum sanctuary, from Gk. asylon refuge, noun use of neut. of asylos inviolable, safe from violence, especially of persons seeking protection, from a without + syle right of seizure. So literally an …   Etymology dictionary

  • asylum — [n1] refuge cover, den, harbor, haven, hideaway, hideout, hole, ivory tower*, port, preserve, refuge, retreat, safe house, safety, sanctuary, security, shelter; concepts 435,515 asylum [n2] psychiatric hospital institution, loony bin*, madhouse* …   New thesaurus

  • Asylum —    Drame fantastique de Roy Ward Baker, avec Patrick Magee, Peter Cushing, Charlotte Rampling.   Pays: Grande Bretagne   Date de sortie: 1972   Technique: couleurs   Durée: 1 h 28    Résumé    Dans un hôpital psychiatrique, un médecin doit… …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

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